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A blog about all things allergen-free and delicious

Entries in wheat allergies (3)


Symptoms of Celiac Disease & Some Guides to Help

This is a great infographic of some of the major symptoms of celiac disease. The graphic is put together by The Gluten Dude, who has some interesting stuff on his site. If these symptoms ring true for you, look below the graphic for a few more articles that might help you figure this out with your doctor.

Celiac Disease Symptoms


Celiac Disease Symptoms – Courtesy of Gluten Dude



Guides to Why & What to Do - Discuss with You Doctor

Interview with Alessio Fasano Part I: Should Anyone Eat Gluten?

Interview with Alessio Fasano Part II: How to Get Tested for Celiac Disease

Interview with Alessio Fasano Part III: Gluten Sensitivity

What is a Food Allergy, Anyway?

Follow Your Gut (Part 1): What's Eating My Daughter's Stomach?

Follow Your Gut (Part 2): Going Through a Celiac Biopsy

There is also something called "silent celiac" which can happen in some people who are asymptomatic but who have celiac disease. I hope this helps any of you who are trying to get to the bottom of some crazy stuff!


REVIEW: Make Me Over Gluten-Free! (Mineral Fusion Make Up)


As seen in Women's Lifestyle Magazine's May, 2012 edition.  Photographs by Daniel E. Johnson of Wealthy Street Photography.

Believe it or not, I'm quite camera shy (really).  In this snap happy world of social media, and with my obligations as a blogger for The Tender Palate and writer for Women’s Lifestyle Magazine, my graciousness in front of the camera leaves a lot to be desired.  It’s rather unsettling to emerge from my somewhat secluded life and “let” perfect strangers document my secrets as they emerge on the map of my face, the turn of my posture, and through the self-conscious gates of my eyes.  Internally, I’m very comfortable with who I am.  But when the vacant lens of modern technology curves ominously toward me, I become the awkward stranger who can’t do anything right.

So for this article, I decided to buck up, accept my insecurities and flaws, and just get over it – right in front of you.  

Thanks to photographer, Daniel Johnson (of Wealthy Street Photography), and makeup artist and Women’s Lifestyle Magazine beauty columnist, Marianne Bockheim, I was able to repair my relationship with that dreaded device called “the camera” and get some tips on how to look better in front of it.   They both helped me feel incredibly comfortable.  Marianne worked her magic on my face with gluten-free makeover using Mineral Fusion ™, “Minerals on a Mission ™” make up.  She also offered some great advice on how to use these wonderful products.    


Mineral Fusion Makeup. Photo by Daniel E. Johnson, Wealthy Street Photography


I Chose Mineral Fusion™ for Three Reasons:

1.    It’s gluten-free status.  

“...all of our products are gluten free. However, no, our facilities are not certified as gluten free. We know our products are gluten free because we perform testing on our finished products. Those results have always resulted in undetectable levels of gluten, which indicates there is no cross-contamination occurring at our facility.  Moreover, our equipment is thoroughly cleaned between product runs, as required by the US FDA.”
~Tim Schaeffer, Mineral Fusion’s SVP of Marketing

Please visit for specific ingredient and processing information.

2.    Mineral Fusion has a low toxicity rating in the Skin Deep database from the Environmental Working Group ( 

3.    The products work.  They work well and are locally available.




Primer & ConcealeMarianne began with my naked face and applied the Face Primer.  This clear gel creates a smooth canvas for the foundation.  Use the lighter half of the Concealer Duo to cover up any discoloration, and the darker Concealer in the center of under eye puffiness to help “flatten” the puffy curve.  Use a thin application of the Concealer on the eyelid from lash to brow to prepare for the eye color.




FoundatioUsing a chubby brush swirl the Pressed Powder Foundation over the entire face.  This evens out your skin, and sets the Concealer.

Then, with a brush, sweep the blush along the cheekbones from ear to apple to define.  Since the apples of most cheeks already contain color, you may not need to apply much blush (or any) to this area.




Before using the liner, apply the lightest neutral eye shadow from lash to brow.  Apply the liner to the top lid starting from the outside corner of your eye.  Move inward with short, choppy strokes along the lash line.  This makes it easier to control how thick or thin your eyeliner is.  Buff the line with a brush to soften.  Use the same choppy eyeliner strokes (outside to inside) on the bottom lid, too, stopping about 1/3 of the way across the lid.  Using a brush, add a little copper eye shadow over the eyeliner to create a softer, different look.







Marianne used two medium toned eye colors directly on the lid (pink on the inside and copper on the highest point of the lid).  She swirled the darker brown around the outside “V” of the eyelid itself.  With a good brush you don’t need to work too hard at blending.  It just happens.





Take one swipe on top of the lashes (root to tips).  Then place the brush under the lashes, push at the lash base, and then wiggle the brush through the lash tips.  This is a great way to reinforce the eyeliner, or even give you the illusion of eyeliner if you choose not to wear it.










Outline the lips with a lip pencil or with a brush using the lipstick itself.  Then fill in your lips with the lipstick.  We used a little lanolin (my personal trick) to the lips to add a lasting shine.










Review first seen in Women's Lifestyle Magazine, May 2012, p. 30I wore the makeup for several hours after our session (I worked into the wee hours of the night) and it has some serious staying power.  The only thing that smudged subtly was the mascara, and it wiped right off without disturbing the rest of my face.  The colors are beautiful, and I am incredibly happy with how my skin looks and feels while wearing it.  It feels good and natural.  Just the way I like it.

Here’s what the expert had to say:

 “I really love the pigment and blendability of the Mineral Fusions make up.  Traditionally, mineral makeup wasn’t known for holding color.  But advances in technology have helped change that.  Mineral Fusion has a wonderful intensity of color and I love it’s luster.  The colors are really user friendly, it isn’t difficult to figure out how to apply it.  You have a great deal of control.  Even the most challenged of skin can wear this make up well. “  

~Marianne Bockheim,


According to a recent study (published in October, 2011), gluten (derived from wheat, barley and other grains) in cosmetics, shampoos and skincare products can pose a threat to people with wheat allergies and celiac disease.  Gluten particles are thought too big to be absorbed through the skin, but people may accidentally ingest small quantities of lotion, lipstick, or other products if they have the product on their hands or use it around their mouth. People with celiac disease and wheat allergies (IgE reactions in particular) can also react to topical application, and ingredients can be hidden.  Vitamin E, for instance is often derived from wheat.  The study cited one woman who started using a new lotion, then developed an itchy, blistering rash on her arms, as well as abdominal bloating and diarrhea - all of which disappeared once she stopped using the lotion.

I was excited to find Mineral Fusion Cosmetics and hope you will be, too!



Pictured with Makeup Artist, Marianne Bockheim (left)Writer, owner of Blue Pearl Strategies, and lover of all culinary delights, Elisabeth is a Tender Foodie. She started The Tender Palate, a website for foodies with food allergies where she consults with experts from every area of the Tender Foodie life. She believes that everyone should live deliciously and have a healthy seat at the table. Find her at  (Pictured with Marianne Bockheim)


Interview w/ Dr. Alessio Fasano, Part 1: Should Anyone Eat Gluten?


Alessio Fasano, M.D., Medical Director for the Center for Celiac ResearchSince March of this year (2011), I’ve had it on my list to speak to Alessio Fasano, the Medical Director for The University of Maryland’s Center for Celiac Research.    What happened in March?  Honest-to-goodness food allergy research happened, that’s what.  Scientists now have a better understanding of why it seems like everyone (and his or her brother) “suddenly” has trouble eating wheat, rye, and barley. 

Ten years ago, most of us didn’t know what it was.  But now “gluten” is a household buzzword.  Even if we don’t understand what “gluten” actually means (or even is), we see menus and products that are free of it.   I would also wager that every person in the U.S. knows someone who gets sick after eating it.


Quick Facts 

Gluten is that pesky protein that is unusually rich in the amino acids glutamine and proline.  The gluten protein (really, the "gliadin" protein) is found in wheat, with similar trouble-causing proteins found in rye, barley, and triticale. 

Because of studies that people like Dr. Fasano and his team have done, we know things we didn’t know before.  Things like:

  1. There are four different kinds of wheat allergies, with four different types of immune responses.
  2. We also now know that 18 million people (aka everyone and his/her brother) have a newly discovered immune response called “gluten sensitivity.”  People with this condition can have up to 100 symptoms, many similar to Celiac Disease.  The difference is that Gluten Sensitivity does not involve the immune system attacking the intestinal wall of the patient.
  3. The number of people with Celiac Disease has quadrupled in the last 50 years.
  4. Once thought a genetic disease triggered in childhood, recent cases of celiac disease have shown up in people who are in their 70’s and in people who have genetic markers but no genetic history of the disease.
  5. Celiac Disease is the only autoimmune disease that has a clear trigger (gluten).  Therefore, scientists may be able to learn how to better manage other autoimmune diseases, like diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis through research on celiac disease.
  6. Today, 1 in 133 people have celiac disease, a genetically linked, autoimmune response to gluten.  That’s more than 2 million people in the U.S., and 1 percent of the global population.  However, most do not know it.



The Interview

I was most privileged to speak with Dr. Fasano about gluten, our bodies’ response(s) to it, allergies, Celiac Disease, and what Dr. Fasano calls “the new kid on the block,” Gluten Sensitivity.  We discussed why there are so many issues with gluten and how you can get tested for an immune reaction to it. 

I learned a great deal from Dr. Fasano, including the fact that no one can digest gluten.   I know, this surprised me, too; so I asked again and got the same answer.  No one can digest gluten.  Not properly.  


Read on, oh seekers of answers.


TF:  Why did you do this most recent study on gluten?

It started about two or three years ago after a critical mass of people with various symptoms came to our clinic, and the numbers of these particular people increased exponentially at that time.  Though they had symptoms similar to Celiac Disease, they did not have Celiac Disease.  We would give them a negative diagnosis for celiac disease, but they kept coming back with the same symptoms.  Many had started a gluten-free diet on their own, and the gluten-free diet seemed to be a cure, a miracle.  We had reached the conclusion that though this group of people did not have Celiac Disease, there must be something else happening that is gluten related. 


TF:  I understand that there was some research to build upon, correct?  Tell me about the Banana Babies Study.  How did Celiac & Gluten Sensitivity research all begin?

Shortly after World WUntreated children with Celiac Disease. Photo used with permission from the UMD Center for Celiac Researchar II,  we learned that gluten was the cause for the onset of Celiac Disease, thanks to the Dutch pediatrician, Willem-Karel Dicke. He was puzzled by high infant mortality rates (due to unknown celiac disease) after the war, because in the last few years of the war when bread was unavailable,  the mortality rate (from this condition) was 0.. Dicke noticed that these kids improved without bread, and that their condition deteriorated when bread became available again.

The modern era of gluten research started, however, with Samuel Ghee in the United Kingdom at the end of the 19th Century.  He gave a famous speech (in a lecture at the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street in 1887) based on his report called, “On the Coeliac Affection.”  Ghee knew what Celiac Disease was (a chronic, genetically pre-disposed, digestive disease that can affect any age), knew that diet was involved, but didn’t know what triggered it.  It is believed that he also followed the observations of a physician named Aretaeus the Cappadocian, who with others had described the celiac state more than 2000 years before his time.

1st Case of Celiac Disease at U of Maryland in 1938 being treated. Photo used with permission from The Center for Celiac Research.

Before Dicke's discovery and development of the gluten-free diet, one of the diets physicians tried with the afflicted children was the banana diet, used at the University of Maryland in the 1930s.  Bananas contain enough calories and nutrients for survival.  Parents were instructed to drop their children off for 6 months, and if they were still alive, they could pick them up and take them home. 





TF:  Did any Banana Babies survive? 

Oh yes, in fact there are some survivors who are still around!  In fact I invited a  Banana Baby who was treated at the University of Maryland Hospital in the 1930s, Barbara Hudson, to speak during one of my recent lectures.  She is doing great!

  Listen to Dr. Fasano and Barbara Hudson Speak


TF:  How many forms of gluten reactions are there?

Dr. Fasano:  There are 3 forms.  Celiac Disease, and Gluten Sensitivity, and Gluten/Wheat Allergy – and there are four different types of wheat allergy that all behave differently.


TF:  What is behind all of these reactions?

Dr Fasano:  Gliadin.  Gliadin is one of the proteins found in gluten.  When someone has a reaction, it’s because gliadin cross talks with our cells, causes confusion, and as a result, causes the small intestine to leak.  Gliadin is a strange protein that our enzymes can’t break down from the amino acids (glutamine and proline) into elements small enough for us to digest.  Our enzymes can only break down the gliadin into peptides.  Peptides are too large to be absorbed properly through the small intestine.  Our intestinal walls or gates, then, have to separate in order to let the larger peptide through.  The immune system sees the peptide as an enemy and begins to attack.  The difference is that in a normal person, the intestinal walls close back up, the small intestine becomes normal again, and the peptides remain in the intestinal tract and are simply excreted before the immune system notices them.   In a person who reacts to  gluten, , the walls stay open as long as you are consuming gluten.  How your body reacts (with a gluten sensitivity, wheat allergy or Celiac Disease) depends upon how long the gates stay open, the number of “enemies” let through and the number of soldiers that our immune system sends to defend our bodies.  For someone with Celiac Disease, the soldiers get confused and start shooting at the intestinal walls.

Used with permission from the Center for Celiac Research


TF:  That sounds like everyone is gluten intolerant in some way.  Is that true?  Everyone? 

Yes.  No one can properly digest gluten.  We do not have the enzymes to break it down.  It all depends upon how well our intestinal walls close after we ingest it and how our immune system reacts to it.


TF:  Why have so many people been diagnosed within the last few years?

Dr. Fasano:  Some of this is because the medical community has become more aware and because there has been an increase in the incidents (of gluten reactions) in recent years.  The environment in general is also a factor.  The quantity of grains that we now eat has increased.  Breast-fed babies seem to be more protected from developing adverse reactions to gluten.  We’ve found that certain good bacteria, or probiotics that live within us also play a part in “turning off” an adverse reaction to gluten.  Antibacterial soaps and other things are reducing the number of these bacteria, changing the microbial environment in our gut.


TF:  You’ve mentioned in the study that Agricultural Changes in Wheat have played a role.  Can you tell me more about this?

Dr. Fasano:  Ten thousand years ago there were no gluten grains.  Wheat, rye, barley and triticale are relatively new grains that have been introduced to our diet.  We haven’t had enough time to evolve in order to digest these grains properly.  In recent years the protein content has increased greatly in our modern wheat.  Now, 14% of dry wheat is gluten.  This is a lot.  I understand why this has happened - more gluten gives characteristics to baked goods that are more desirable, like more elasticity; it’s more palatable, but less digestible. 


TF:  What about GMO’s (Genetically Modified Organisms)?

Dr. Fasano:  These are all GMOs’!  (Dr. Fasano indicated that we’ve been manipulating agriculture for a long time*).  The problem is that if you do this too fast, like we’ve done in the last 50 years, we pay a price.  It takes centuries for our bodies to adapt.  There is always a balance between the advantages and the disadvantages.  Agricultural mutations are all by chance so it takes time to rule out problems that are created by these mutations.  It is unfair to blame GMOs as the only cause, although they are a factor.  Our immune system evolved to only fight one enemy, bacteria.  Now we have a host of environmental toxicities to fight and each person’s immune system does its best to manage those. 

(*Note:  It's important to note that we did not discuss the types of genetically modified mutations, such as seeds created to withstand pesticides or those that actually produce pesticides.)


TF:  Are certain countries more prone to have a population with gluten sensitivity, gluten allergies or Celiac Disease?


Dr. Fasano:  In earlier years, Celiac Disease was more common in Ireland and Italy, so it was typically easier to diagnose.  People of European descent had a higher tendency to carry the genetic code that predisposes someone to that disease.  Now, with the recipe of DNA plus the availability of gluten, Celiac Disease is being found at a surprising rate in India and China.  As the quality of life and income improves in these countries, their diet is changing, and it now includes gluten.  So, there is a rise in Celiac Disease and in Gluten Sensitivity everywhere.


TF:  You’ve mentioned earlier that doctors are diagnosing more cases.  Do you feel that awareness has increased in the last 5 years?

Dr. Fasano:  Oh yes.  Physicians are more aware, and because of this (Gluten Sensitivity) study they have more information.  But we still need to learn a lot--starting with understanding the many symptoms associated with Gluten Sensitivity and Celiac Disease.  Celiac Disease is systemic (it affects a number of organs and tissues).  Doctors need to better understand how to test and diagnose it.  Nutritionists are the ones to help patients manage food allergies and Celiac Disease, not the doctors.  Doctors, however, need to learn about this new entity called Gluten Sensitivity.  We all need to be able to clearly define these conditions and speak in the same language.  And that starts with the right tools to diagnose gluten-related disorders.


TF:  What are the markers for Celiac Disease that doctors and patients should look for?

Dr. Fasano:  The latest research shows that you could have 4 out of the first 5 of the following markers for Celiac Disease.  Gluten Sensitivity has many of the same symptoms.  (Please see "Part Two:  How to Get Tested for Celiac Disease" for these markers and their in-depth descriptions.")



PART TWO:  How to Get Tested for Celiac Disease

PART THREE:  Gluten Sensitivity - A New Food Allergy


For more frequently asked questions on testing for Celiac Disease and Gluten Sensitivity, visit the Center for Celiac Research’s website.



University of Maryland Center for Celiac Research is an institution engaged in clinical care, diagnostic support, education, and clinical and basic science research in Celiac Disease.

The paramount goal of the Center for Celiac Research is to increase the awareness of Celiac Disease in order to provide better care, better quality of life, and more adequate support for the Celiac Disease community.  To view the CFCR's brochure, CLICK HERE.